Diabetes in men, or high blood sugar, results from a deficiency of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. When the body doesn’t produce insulin or doesn’t use it correctly, it can’t make use of its main fuel — sugar. Untreated, diabetes in men can lead to blindness, vascular disease, kidney disease, neuropathy, and other problems.
Almost every one of us knows someone who has diabetes. An estimated 16 million people in the United States have diabetes mellitus. About half of these people don’t know they have it and are not receiving care for the disorder. Each year, about 800,000 people are diagnosed with this silent killer.
different types of diabetes in men
The 3 main types of diabetes are:
- Type 1
- Type 2
- Gestational diabetes (for your women friends)
Type 1 diabetes in men (also known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or juvenile diabetes) is considered an auto immune disease. An auto immune disease results when the body’s system for fighting infection (the immune system) turns against a part of the body. With diabetes in men, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas and destroys them. The pancreas then produces little or no insulin.
Someone with type 1 diabetes in men needs daily injections of insulin to live. At present, scientists do not know exactly what causes the body’s immune system to attack the beta cells, but they believe that both genetic factors and viruses are involved. Type 1 diabetes in men accounts for about 5 to 10% of diagnosed diabetes in the United States.
Type 1 diabetes develops most often in children and young adults, but the disorder can appear at any age. Symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually develop over a short period, although beta cell destruction can begin years earlier.
Symptoms include: increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme tiredness. If not diagnosed and treated with insulin, a person can lapse into a life-threatening coma.
The most common form of diabetes in men is type 2 (also known as noninsulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or NIDDM). About 90 to 95% of people with diabetes have type 2. This form of diabetes usually develops in adults over the age of 40 and is most common among adults over age 55. About 80% of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight.
With type 2, the pancreas usually produces insulin, but for some reason, the body cannot use the insulin effectively. The end result is the same as for type 1 diabetes — an unhealthy build-up of glucose in the blood and an inability of the body to make efficient use of its main source of fuel.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes in men develop gradually and are not as noticeable as those in type 1.
Symptoms of diabetes in men include: feeling tired or ill, frequent urination (especially at night), unusual thirst, weight loss, blurred, vision, frequent infections, and slow healing of sores.